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Wood Panel Index

>Product Detail

Common Plywood Grades

Wood Panel Products - Detail

Wood Sheet Stock Prices

Hardboard, Non Tempered

  • Made from compressed wood fibers
  • Smooth surface, tan to brown in color
  • Stiff, relative hard
  • Low priced
  • Finishes poorly, silk-screens poorly
  • Machines fair, edges are fuzzy
  • Good availability, 1/8" and 1/4"
  • Use for backers and in areas where it isn't seen, i.e.; drawer bottoms

Hardboard, Tempered

  • Made from compressed wood fibers
  • Smooth surface, tan to brown in color
  • Stiff, hard
  • Slightly higher price than non-tempered
  • Finishes well, silk-screens very well
  • Machines well, crisp edges
  • Good availability, 1/8" and 1/4"
  • Use for signage, lightweight shelves, and dividers

MDF (Medium Density Fiberboard), Standard Grade

  • Made up of wood fibers
  • Smooth flat surface, light tan to brown in color
  • Good strength, heavier than plywood, needs support on spans over 24" to prevent sagging
  • Moderate to low price
  • Finishes well on surface, poorly on edges, silk-screens well
  • Machines very well
  • Good availability
  • Use where surface appearance is primary and edges don't show

MDF, Ultra Refined Grade

  • Made up of wood fibers
  • Smooth flat surface, light tan to brown in color
  • Good strength, heavier than plywood, needs support on spans over 24" to prevent sagging
  • Moderate price
  • Finishes well on surface, fair on edges, silk-screens well
  • Machines very well
  • Good availability
  • Use where both faces and edges will be visible and must be finished

MDF, Formaldehyde Free

  • Made up of wood fibers
  • Smooth flat surface, brown in color
  • Good strength, heavier than plywood, needs support on spans over 24" to prevent sagging
  • Moderate to higher price
  • Finishes well on surface, poorly on edges, silk-screens well
  • Machines very well
  • Fair availability
  • Use where formaldehyde based resins are a problem, medical, food applications

MDF, Water Resistant

  • Very similar to standard grade MDF but has a water-resistant resin holding the wood fibers together
  • Smooth flat surface, brown in color
  • Good strength, heavier than plywood, needs support on spans over 24" to prevent sagging
  • Moderate to higher price
  • Finishes well on surface, fair on edges, silk-screens well
  • Machines very well
  • Fair availability
  • Use for damp or exterior applications, must be finished on all surfaces if used outside

MDO, Medium Density Overlay

  • Made from STD grade MDF bonded to a plywood core
  • Smooth flat surface, light tan to brown in color
  • Good strength, heavier than plywood, stiff
  • Higher price
  • Finishes well on surface, poorly on edges, silk-screens well
  • Machines well
  • Fair availability
  • Used primarily for signage, edges at least must be painted to prevent plywood delamination

OSB, Oriented Strand Board

  • Made from large thin chips oriented to give maximum strength
  • Rough surface
  • Good strength, heavier than plywood
  • Low price
  • Not intended to be finished, can be painted, does not silk-screen
  • Machines poorly, rough edges and surfaces
  • Good availability
  • Use for structural purposes, crating, and replacement for plywood

Particle board, Underlayment Grade

  • Made from wood chips, low density board
  • Rougher surface, tan in color
  • Fair strength, brittle
  • Cheapest particleboard
  • Not intended to be finished, paints very poorly, silk-screens very poorly
  • Machines poorly
  • Fair availability, primarily " and under
  • Used primarily for crating and flooring applications

Particleboard, Industrial Grade

  • Made from wood chips, 42# to 48# / cubic foot
  • Smooth surface, edges can be sanded smooth
  • Good strength, heavier than plywood, needs support on spans over
    24" to prevent sagging
  • Low price
  • Can be finished, surface paints well, edges paint poorly, silk-screens well
  • Machines fair, clean sharp corners, porous edge
  • Very good availability, " thru 1 1/8" thick
  • Use where surface must be smooth and edges aren't visible or can be edgebanded to hide roughness
  • Used as a base material for a wide variety of laminates

Particleboard, High Density

  • Made from wood chips, 60# to 65# / cubic foot
  • Smooth surface, tan in color
  • Strong, very hard, very stiff, very heavy
  • Moderate price
  • Can be finished, edges must be filled prior to painting, silk-screens well
  • Machines fair, abrasive on tools
  • Fair availability
  • Used where high strength and good paintability are required, desktops and working surfaces

Plywood, Appleply

  • Core made from very thin alder veneers with many different face veneers available.
  • Smooth surface, smooth void free edges
  • Excellent strength
  • Expensive
  • Finishes well, stains, paints, clearcoats, beautiful faces and edges
  • Machines very well
  • Fair availability
  • Used for high end displays where edges are visible

Plywood, Baltic Birch

  • Made from thin plies of Russian or Finnish birch
  • Smooth sanded surface, creamy white in color
  • Strong, stiff
  • Moderate to high price
  • Finishes very well, some edge voids (generally few), silk-screens very well
  • Machines well
  • Good availability in most thickness, most common sheet size is 60" x 60"
  • Used where wide real wood surfaces are needed and the edges are visible and need to be contoured

Plywood, Softwood

  • Made from thick plies of pine or fir
  • Generally wild grain patterns
  • Strong, relatively light, flexible
  • Moderate price
  • Can be finished, surface paints fair, edges paint very poorly
  • Machines poorly, rough edges, can be splintery
  • Very good availability, " thru 1" thick
  • Used for structural or rustic look purposes

Plywood, Hardwood

  • Made from thick plies of hardwoods
  • Smooth flat surface, usually sanded, colors vary
  • Strong, stiff, moderate weight
  • Moderate to high price, depends on species and grade
  • Finishes well on surface, poorly on edges, silk-screen capability dependent on face veneer species
  • Machines fair
  • Good availability
  • Use where surface appearance and strength is primary and edges don't show

Bending Plywood

  • Made from 2 or 3 plies of wood.  1/8" to 3/8" thick
  • Light, flexible
  • Moderate price
  • May need to be veneered or laminated after bending
  • Machines well
  • Good availability
  • Use for larger curved parts

 

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